This article of List of all Agriculture Schemes in India (2020) is divided into two parts. In Part I of the article, we will cover a total of 13 Schemes, and remaining will be included in Part II of the Article. In case if you don't want to read this article well we got you covered, you can listen to the below podcast where we talked about all the details we covered in this article.



List of All Agriculture Schemes in India:


PM-Kisan Fasal Bhima Yojana (PMFBY):
Mission FingerLing:
PM Anndata Aay Sanrakshan Yojana (PMAASHA):
Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav Scheme:
National Program for Use of Space Technology for Agriculture:
Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied Sector Rejuvenation ( RAFTAAR):
E-Rakam:
E-Nam:
Har Medh Par Ped:
National Mission For Sustainable Agriculture:
Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Shikhsha Yojana:
Soil Health Card Scheme:
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maandhan Pension Yojana:


Agriculture plays an important role and also considered as a backbone of the Indian Economy. Around 60-70 percent of the Indian population depends on Agriculture Sector. It contributes 17 percent to Indian Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs 60% of the Indian Population.



Realizing the Importance of Agriculture sector for the growth of the Indian Economy, the Government of India has taken improvement measures and also set new guidelines in Agro Sector. The primary goal of the Government of India is to "Double the Income of Farmers by 2024".

Indian Government has Introduced various lists of Schemes covering all sectors of Agriculture. Here is the Info-graphic, which lists all the Agriculture Schemes in India.




   

1) PM Kisan Fasal Bhima Yojana (PMFBY):


Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bhima Yojana, also known as PMFBY, is a crop insurance scheme for farmers started by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Feb 2016. This scheme applies to every farmer in the country. As we know, the majority of the Indian population is dependent on Agriculture. Also, there is a considerable chance of natural calamities or disasters to happen due to Climate Changes. Indian Kisan mainly depends on monsoons for their water needs, As per the stats from the Indian Agricultural Department reports, 40% of Indian Farmers adopt Irrigation, and the rest 60% is dependent on Monsoon Rainfall. The main aim of this scheme is to reduce agricultural distress and help Kisan in Monsoon Fluctuations and to provide insurance cover to the farmers for their crops.

2) Mission Fingerling:


Mission Fingerling is a Scheme that comes under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. This Scheme aims to achieve enhanced Fish Production in the county and also achieve targets of the Blue Revolution. Mission Fingerling is a program under the Blue Revolution. Its primary focus is to improve the infrastructure like Fish Hatcheries, the production of quality fish seeds, cost-effective feed, and the introduction of new technologies. Also, this Scheme Focuses on the Effective development and management of fisheries ponds and lakes for the economic development of fish farmers and fishers. It is increasing in the Production of Fish Fingerlings by adapting the best global innovations, technologies, and integration of various productive production-oriented activities.




3) PM Anndata Aay Sanrakshan Yojana (PM AASHA):


PM Aasha is started in September 2018 by the union cabinet of India, which was chaired by now Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The main aim of this Scheme is to Protect & Augment Farmers Income.

Under this Scheme, a Minimum Support Price for 23 agricultural products has been set. It is not the First time MSP has implemented on farm products.

MSP has been set from previous years also, but some modifications have made to them. The farmer will get an income of 1.5 times of Cost of Production.

According to the latest survey, only 6% of farmers can sell their agricultural produce at MSP, and 79% of farmers said "NO" when they asked about if they were satisfied with the implementation of MSP.

Food Corporation of India (FCI), National Agriculture Cooperative Marketing Federation of India (NAFED), Jute and Cotton Corporation on India and many Government agriculture agencies will take up the Procurement activities in states and districts across India.



4) Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav Yojana:


Aim: To bridge the communication gap between farmers and Agriculture Scientists.

There are a lot of schemes in Agriculture which are initiated by the state government, central Government and there are lot inputs given for farmers.

But due to lack of technology or knowledge among the farmers will not get the benefits of those schemes.

The Main Objective of this Scheme is to provide farmers with required information, knowledge, and solve their farming related queries.

It involves Premier Agricultural institutes like Krishi Vignan Kendra, Agricultural Technology Management Agencies, Research Institutes to demonstrate knowledge and technologies to the farmers.

Under this Scheme, scientists will select the villages as per their convenience and visit those villages regularly for regular communication with farmers.

Scientists need to monitor the farming process done by the farmers and assist them ineffective use of technologies, seeds selection, and advising them on fertilizers and chemicals.

The scientists should run education Campaigns on local newspapers, community radio channels, talk directly to farmers through mobile phones and make videos to educate them.


5) National Program for Use of Space Technology for Agriculture:


Aim:Using Space Technology for Crop Production Forecast.

Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has been taking various initiatives and keen on the usage of Space Technology in Agriculture to overcome the Problems of Agriculture.

Usage of Remote Sensing Technique for Agricultural Crop Production, Forecasting, Drought Assessment, Providing digital data which is used for various analysis.

Utilization of Geographical informational System for Assessment of varieties of crops in various regions has been done.

For the Collection of Statistics on Agricultural Output, Crop acreage, and Production estimation, Monsoon data usage of Space Technology has been done.

By using Space Technology identification of land area, which is not suitable for the growing of Crops, is identified or Area which has low monsoon rainfall is used for the development of the Horticulture Sector.

Drought Assessment, Information of Crop Type, Crop area Estimation, Crop Condition, Crop Damages, Crop Growth, and much more analysis is done by using space technology. 

National Mission for use of Space technology in Agriculture


6) Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied Sector Rejuvenation (RAFTAAR):


Aim: Strengthening the Farmer's effort, Risk Mitigation, and Promoting Agri-Business Entrepreneurship. 

Raftaar is the Modified Scheme of  Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana.

To increase the growth rate in the Agricultural and Allied Sectors by 4 Percent.

Required Funds will be given to States for the improvement of Agriculture Allied Activities.

  • 60:40 ( Shared by State Government and Central Government).
  • 90:10 ( For the Himalayan States and the North East States).

States are allowed to Choose their agriculture and allied sector for development activities.

Sectors Covered Under RAFTAAR:

Horticulture, Crop Cultivation, Animal Husbandry, and Fisheries, Dairy Development, Agriculture Research, and Education, Forestry and Wildlife, Plantation and Agricultural Marketing, Food Storage and Warehousing, Soil and Water Conservation, Agricultural Financial Institutions. 

Sub Schemes Under RAFTAAR:
  
  • Reclamation of Problem Soil (RPS):
  • Foot and Mouth Disease Control Program (FMD-CP):
  • Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI):
  • Crop Diversification Program (CDP):
  • Saffron Mission:
  • Accelerated Fodder Development Program (AFDP):

7) E-RAKAM (Rashtriya Kisan Agri Mandi):


E-Rakam is a digital portal developed by Central Ware Housing Corporation.

By using this portal, Farmer of India can sell their produced agricultural products throughout India on online.

Logistic support for buyers and sellers is provided by CWRC (Central Rail Side Warehouse Company).

Under this initiative, E-Rakam Centers will be developed throughout the country to facilitate Farmer's produce, and they can sell it online.


8) E-NAM (Electronic National Agricultural Market):


E-NAM is a Flagship Scheme of Government of India and implemented by the Ministry of Agricultural and Farmers Welfare.

The Objective of E-NAM is to provide Remunerative and Comprehensive Prices for Farmers of their Produce.

It is a PAN-India E-trading platform. Any Farmer from India can avail of the benefit, and it creates a unified market for Agricultural Commodities.

Under this Scheme, the farmers can show their Agricultural produce online from the nearest market, and traders can Quote Process from any part of the county.  

E-NAM was Implemented in three Phases:

Phase I: Agricultural Trading was allowed within the Agricultural Market only.

Phase II: Inter-Mandi within a State was Permitted ( An Agricultural Market Operating in a state can trade with other Mandi within a state).

Phase III: Inter-State Trade. (An Agricultural Marketing Operating in the state is allowed to trade with Agricultural Market Operating in another state).


9) Har Medh Par Pedh:


Aim: To Promote Tree-Based Farming for maximizing the returns of farmers by providing sustainable livelihood for Farmers.

This Scheme was Launched in 2016-17 to promote Agro-Forestry by Encouraging farmers to plant profitable trees along with conventional crops/ cropping systems.

The Purpose of this Scheme to reduce the income gaps for farmers (Farmers need to wait 3-4 months to get the returns from regular crops).

Trees which are served as Multipurpose with Short, Medium and long term returns are planted. So that farmers may get additional income at regular intervals.

This is implemented in only those states which have transportation permit of the trees. The Government will provide assistance to set up a nursery development of Quality Planting Material.


Har Medh par ped
  


10) National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture:


Aim:To make Agriculture more Sustainable, Productive, Remunerative, and Climate Resilient.

National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture is one of the Eight Missions outlined by the National Action Plan on Climate Change.

This Scheme concentrates on making agriculture sustainable from Natural Calamities (Heavy Rainfall, Floods, Drought Situations..etc.).

Critical Factors of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture are:

  1. Efficient use of Water Resources.
  2. Nutrient Management and Soil Conservation.
  3. Livelihood Diversification.

Main Components of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture:

  • Rain-fed area Development.    
  • On-Farm Water Management.
  • Soil Health Management.
  • Climate Change and Sustainable Agriculture. 


11) Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Shiksha Yojana:


Aim: To Promote Education for Farmers.

Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Shiksha Yojana will Promote Education for Farmers in three Sectors.

  1. Cow-Based Economy.
  2. Natural Farming.
  3. Organic Farming.


Training Centers will be established across the country to provide training for farmers and enhance their skills in Organic Farming, Natural Farming, and Cow Based Economy.

Development of Human Resources at village level to fulfill the organic farming and sustainable agriculture

Provide Support for Farmers in the field of Organic, Natural Farming, and sustainable agriculture by rural professionals.

Establish the training centers at the village level to extend the development activities. 


12) Soil Health Card Scheme: 


Soil Health increases the Productivity of Agriculture and is necessary to farmers because it gives insights on the Soil Health of their Agriculture land.

It provides info on nutrients lacking in their soil and improve the soil health and kind of nutrients are applied to the particular soil for enhanced crop production and lower cost.

Village youth and Farmers up to 40 years of age are eligible to set up the Soil Health Laboratories and undertake to test. Seventy-five percent cost of labs is funded by state and Central governments.

According to the National Productivity Council (NPC) report, Soil Health Card Scheme has led to a decline of 8-10 percent in the use of Chemical Fertilizers and also raised Productivity by 5-6 percent.


13) Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maandhan Pension Yojana (PMKMY):


It is a monthly pension scheme for farmers to improve their quality of life once they have retired.

Monthly Pension of Rs 3000 per month will be given once they reach the age of 60.

Farmers should pay monthly Contribution of Rs 55 to 200 Rs. The Government will also add an equal amount that farmers had paid.

Farmers of age between 18-40 Years can apply for this Scheme. Both Men and Women of the family are eligible for this Scheme if they both chosen to contribute monthly. 

Farmers should own less than Two Hectares of land. 


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Also Read: How to apply PMFBY.
Also Read: How to apply PMAASHA.

Here ends the Part 1 of the List of Agriculture Schemes in India. Hope you liked it and gave you full information  on Agriculture Schemes in India. Thank you for reading.