In this Article on PM Aasha: Pradhan Mantri Anndata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan Scheme,  We try to talk about PM Aasha Scheme in detail, How it is useful for the farmers, and how farmers can apply for this Scheme, what are the components associated with this Scheme.


Table of Contents:


1) PM-Aasha Scheme Details.

2) List of Agricultural Products under MSP.

3) Components of PM-Aasha Scheme.

4) Advantages.

5) Disadvantages.

6) FAQ's.



PM Aasha Indian Kisan News



1) PM-Aasha Scheme Details:


Here are the full details  of the Scheme.

  • Scheme:  Pradhan Mantri Anndata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan.
  • Started by: Union Cabinet of India. Chaired by Narendra Modi.
  • Aim: To Protect & Augment Farmers Income.
  • Eligible: All Indian Farmers.

  • PM Aasha is started in September 2018 by the union cabinet of India, which was chaired by now Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is an Umbrella Scheme under this Scheme. There are three major components.

  • Under this Scheme, a Minimum Support Price for 23 agricultural products has been set. This is not the First time MSP has implemented on agricultural products. MSP has been set from previous years also, but some modifications have made to them.

  • The main aim of this Scheme is to double the Farmer's income by 2024. then the question is how this Scheme will increase the Farmer's revenue? To this question, one of the answers given by the Government is they decided that Farmer will get an income of 1.5 times of Cost of Production.  

  • For Eg: (If Farmer had a production cost of 10000 Rupees from crop sowing to taking the crop market Yard. Then according to this Scheme, the Farmer will get 15000 Rupees.) This applies to those agricultural products on which MSP specified.

  • According to the latest survey, only 6% of farmers can sell their agricultural produce at MSP, and 79% of farmers said "NO" when they asked about if they were satisfied with the implementation of MSP.

  • The reason behind the disagreement from the farmers on MSP is because of its impact on the ground level. There are no storage godowns to store the Products bought from the Farmers. Lack of Human Infrastructure and distance of procurement centers are very long. 

  • Under the PM-Aasha scheme, all these problems are rectified, and the path for the farmers made it easy to avail the maximum benefits. 

  • Food Corporation of India (FCI), National Agriculture Cooperative Marketing Federation of India (NAFED), Jute and Cotton Corporation on India and many Government agriculture agencies will take up the Procurement activities in states and districts across India.


Look at this Info-graphic below for further data, stats, and details of the PM-Aasha Scheme.



PM-Aasha Scheme Infographic



2) List of Agricultural Products which comes under Minimum Support Price:



There are a total of 23 Agricultural Products that come under the Minimum Support Scheme. Look at this list below:

7 Types of Cereals:                             

  • Paddy.                          
  • Maize.                          
  • Wheat.                        
  • Barley.                          
  • Ragi.                             
  • Sorghum.
  • Pearl Millet

5 Types of Pulses:

  • Gram.
  • Toor.
  • Moong.
  • Urad.
  • Lentil.

7 Types of Oilseeds:

  •   Groundnut.
  •   Rapeseed-Mustard.
  •   Soyabean.
  •   Sesamum
  •   Sunflower.
  •   Safflower.
  •   Nigerseed.

4 Types of Commercial Crops:

  • Sugar Cane.
  • Raw Jute.
  • Cotton.
  • Copra. 

3) Components of PM-Aasha:


As we discussed above, it is an Umbrella Scheme. State Government has an option to Choose any one scheme according to the availability in a particular state. The three components which come under this Scheme are:


1) Price Support Scheme. (PSS)

2) Price Deficiency Payment Scheme. (PDPS)

3) Private Procurement & Stockist Scheme. (PPSS)


1) Price Support Scheme. (PSS):

  • Focuses on Pulses, Oil Seeds, and Copra.

  • Procurement of Pulses, Oil Seeds, and Copra will be done according to MSP by Central Government agencies and State Government.

  • Farmers Produce will be Bought by Government agencies at a limited amount. 50 kg per day per product. 


2) Price Deficiency Payment Scheme. (PDPS):


  • In this Scheme, no Procurement of Agriculture products has been done.

  • The Deficiency on Farmer's products is paid back to Farmers according to the Minimum Support Price set by Government. 

  • For Example: If Farmer had sold his produce for 10000 Rupees, but according to MSP set by Government, he should have got 15000 Rupees. The Government pays the Deficiency of 5000 Rs. 

  • But to avail the Benefit the Farmer is to sell the produce in notified market yards only and Farmers had to Pre-register.

  • If the Deficiency is 25% or less than 25%, then the Government of India will pay to the farmers. If it is more than 25%, then State Governments / Union Territories should take care of it.

  • Farmers need to register within the stipulated time. Click here to know more details on PDPS.


3) Pilot of Private Procurement & Stockist Scheme.(PPPSS):


  • It is a Pillot Scheme initiated by Union Cabinet to encourage private buyers, too. But agricultural products from farmers according to Minimum Support Price.

  • State Governments or Union Territories which can't afford to buy the agricultural products from farmers then Private buyers will be allowed.

  • Private buyers are decided by the State Government or Union Territories. It is applicable in selected states and districts. Agriculture Produce Market Committee is only involved in PPPSS.  

  • Farmers need to register within the stipulated time. Click here to know more details on PDPS.


4) Advantages of PM-Aasha:


  • The Main Advantage of the PM-Aasha scheme is the Minimum Support Price for Agriculture Products. The Modifications made for this Scheme. 

  • Agriculture Agencies operated under the Government is allowed to buy agriculture produce from the farmers. The allocated budget to agriculture agencies like FCI and NAFED was increased so that they can purchase the maximum amount of produce from the farmers.

  • Farmers who have to travel long distances for procurement centers to sell their products in this scenario, including a private partnership in this Scheme, is also an advantage in a certain way.


5) Disadvantages of PM-Aasha:


  • According to the reports only, 6% of farmers can sell their produce at MSP.

  • 79% of farmers said "No" when they have asked whether they have satisfied with the implementation of MSP.

  • No Proper Agriculture Infrastructure on Ground level.

  • Farmers need to register their details of produce before selling or applying for these schemes.

  • Implementation of MSP on Ground level in less than 5%.



FAQ's


What does MSP Mean?


  • MSP Stands for Minimum Support Price. It's a minimum price need to pay for agriculture farmers when someone buys their produce. One can't buy agriculture produce by paying less than MSP.


How many Crops are in MSP?


  • There are 23 Crops which comes under Minimum Support Price:

  • Seven kinds of cereal (Paddy, Maize, Wheat, Barley, Ragi, Sorghum, Pearl Millet), five types of Pulses (Gram, Toor, Moong, Urad, Lentil), seven types of Oilseeds ( Groundnut, Rapeseed-Mustard, Soyabean, Sesamum, Sunflower, Safflower, Nigerseed), four types of Commercial Crops ( Sugar Crane, Jute, Cotton, and Copra).


What is PSS in Agriculture?


  • PSS stands for Payment Support Scheme. Procurement of Pulses, Oil Seeds, and Copra will be done according to MSP by Central Government agencies and State Government.

What is PDPS in Agriculture?


  • PDPS Stands for Price Deficiency Payment scheme. In this Scheme, no Procurement of Agriculture products has been done.

  • The Deficiency on Farmer's products is paid back to Farmers according to the Minimum Support Price set by Government. 

  • For Example: If Farmer had sold his produce for 10000 Rupees, but according to MSP set by Government, he should have got 15000 Rupees. The Government pays the Deficiency of 5000 Rupees. 


What is PPSS in Agriculture?


  • PPSS stands for Private Procurement & Stocklist Scheme. It is a Pillot Scheme initiated by Union Cabinet to encourage private buyers, too, but agricultural products from farmers according to Minimum Support Price.

  • State Governments or Union Territories which can't afford to buy the agricultural products from farmers then Private buyers will be allowed. Private buyers are decided by the State Government or Union Territories. 

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